It is widely discernible that the Dalit movement, for securing the rights and liberation, has passed remarkably long time with different forms of struggles. It was voiced from different sectors to form high level governmental commission mechanism for mainstreaming most backward Dalit community owing to inhumane practice like caste based discrimination and untouchability. As a matter of fact, the wide-ranged struggle in this issue from the different organizations of Dalit community to ensure the equal participation of this community in social, economic, political and cultural sectors and universal whim of human rights towered the issue of rights of Dalit community before the democratic government after historical people''s movement -1990.
Even after ten years of restoration of democracy, neither there was concrete sign of liberation from the subjugation experienced by Dalit community nor could the ordinary laws solve such severe problem. The ordinary policies related to Dalit remained confined as paper documents. The political and social organizations of Dalit community continuously raised voice and waged peaceful movement against this situation. Considering the fact, the elected prime minister from Nepali Congress Sher Bahadur Deuba, relating the context of International Day for Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination, announced the establishment of National Dalit Commission with 10 members, for the first time, under the chairmanship of Padam Singh Bishwokarma in March 19, 2002.
In accordance with the eight points’ declaration and 25 years long-term planning through then parliament for the development and empowerment of Dalit, women and other backward community and class, National Dalit Commission and National Women Commission were established. With the provision of two- year''s tenure for the board, the fifth board has been formed in February 16, 2012 under the chairmanship of Sushila Sirpali with 17 members.